Joanne Rowling("rolling"; born 31 July 1965), better known by her pen nameJ. K. Rowling, is a British author, film producer, television producer, screenwriter, and philanthropist. She is best known for writing theHarry Potterfantasy series, which has won multiple awards and sold more than 500 million copies, becoming the best-selling book series in history. The books are the basis of a popular film series, over which Rowling had overall approval on the scripts and was a producer on the final films. She also writes crime fiction under the nameRobert Galbraith.
Born in Yate, Gloucestershire, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International when she conceived the idea for theHarry Potterseries while on a delayed train from Manchester to London in 1990. The seven-year period that followed saw the death of her mother, birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband, and relative poverty until the first novel in the series,Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, was published in 1997. There were six sequels, of which the last,Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was released in 2007. Since then, Rowling has written five books for adult readers:The Casual Vacancy(2012) and—under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fictionCormoran Strikeseries, which consists ofThe Cuckoo's Calling(2013),The Silkworm(2014),Career of Evil(2015), andLethal White(2018).